• WFTA|EFTA|Kuma Academy 2023 Joint Annual Conference



    Location: Vilnius, Lithuania

    Date: 9. - 11 September 2023


    A heartful thank you to those who have registered. Those who missed the deadline are still able to reigster via the following link. We reserve the right of final decision.


  • Programme

    The organizers reserve the right to change the programme


    Friday, Sept. 8:

    Radisson Blu Lietuva, Konstitucijos pr. 20, Vilnius, Lithuania, 0930


    13:00-20:00 Registration

    Radisson Blu Lietuva, Conference centre floor


    13:30-18:30 Roundtable Discussions*

    Room Lambda


    18:30 Dinner**


    20:30- Hotel Bar

    Hotel Bar Radisson Blu Lietuva 


    *Limited number of participants

    **by pre-order


    Saturday, Sept. 9:

    Radisson Blu Lietuva / ALFA Hall


    08:00-09:00 Registration

    Radisson Blu Lietuva, Conference centre floor



    Grand Opening“Out There. The World is in the Making ”


    09:30-11:00 Speech &QA/Lithuania - History and Culture Identification*


    11:30 - 13:00 Speech &QA/Taiwan in the geopolitical context – History and Politics / Wu, Jieh-min*


    13:00 - 14:00 Lunch 


    14:00 - 15:30 Discussion/The Challenges and the Opportunities for Cooperation to the Democratic Countries in the Geopolitical Context*


    15:30 - 16:00 Coffe Break


    16:00 - 19:00 City Programm (tba)


    19:00 - Dinner & Get together (tba)


    *Taiwanese Mandarin / English simultaneous interpretation 


    Sunday, Sept. 10:

    Radisson Blu Lietuva / ALFA Hall


    09:00 - 10:30 Speech & Q/A*


    10:30 - 11:00 Coffee Break


    11:00 - 12:30 Speech & Q/A* 


    12:30 - 13:30 Lunch


    13:30 - 15:00 Speech & Q/A*


    15:00 - 15:30 Coffee Break


    15:30 - 17:00 Speech & Q/A*


    17:00 - 18:30 WORKSHOP

    1. Evacuation & Protection for Civilians / Kuma
    2. The Role of Oversea Taiwanese during the war and the international cooperation / Kuma **


    *Taiwanese Mandarin / English simultaneous interpretation 

    **for representatives of oversea Taiwanese groups


    18:30 - 19:00 Closing


    19:00 - Dinner not included


    Monday, Sept. 11:

    Radisson Blu Lietuva


    08:30 –12:00 Official Visit & Roundtable / City Tour* 


    14:00 - Post Conference Tour*

    *Optional/extra fee and programmes to be announced

  • Our Speakers

    The list of speakers will be announced gradually

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    Wu, Jieh-min (吳介民)

    Research Fellow at the Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, and Adjunct Professor at the Institute of Sociology, National Tsing Hua University. He was involved in the establishment of the Center for Contemporary China at National Tsing Hua University. His books include 《尋租中國:台商、廣東模式與全球資本主義》(National Taiwan University Press,2019/2023)、Rival Partners: How Taiwanese Entrepreneurs and Guangdong Officials Forged the China Development Model (Harvard University Asia Center, 2022)、《第三種中國想像》等書。

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    Shen, Pao-yang (沈伯洋)

    Puma Shen is an Associate Professor at the Graduate Institute of Criminology, National Taipei University, Chairperson of the Doublethink Lab, and Dean of the Kuma Academy. He has long been engaged in researching information warfare and China's united front tactics.

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    Marco Ho (何澄輝)

    A member of the Central Committee at Taiwan Radical Wings, Deputy Secretary-General of Taiwan Security Association (台灣安保協會), and co-founder of Kuma Acamedy.

    Marco Ho obtained his Master degree in Law from TunghaiUniversity. He passed the special civil examinations and served in National
    Taxation Bureau of the Northern Area of Ministry of Finance and Forestry Bureau.
    He also worked as a researcher in Think Tank.

    Marco specializes in researching geopolitics & politicalrisk, and USA-China Strategy. He is currently CEO of Kuma Academy.

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    Jerry Yu

    Jerry is an analyst at Doublethink Lab and conducts digital investigations and analysis on information operations. Jerry is part of the team at Doublethink Lab tracking the propaganda spread by the PRC during the Ukrainian-Russian war, and has published a report, ‘Analysis: How Ukraine has been Nazified in the Chinese information space?’ He is also a co-producer and co-host of the "Jianghu 543" podcast, which provides insights into the lives of individuals in Taiwan’s criminal justice system. Jerry graduated from the Graduate School of Criminology at the National Taipei University, and is also trained in crime spatial analysis with the Temple University in the United States for a semester. He was also a research assistant at the Center for Survey Research Center at the Academia Sinica, Taiwan, where he combined traditional social scientific methods with computational approaches to analyze human behaviors.

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    Tsám Min-jit

    Min-Jit was aspired to be a physicist during senior high school and choose to study at the Department of Physics and Astronomy at National Taiwan University. However, just before completing Master degree, he encountered the 318 civic movement, which led to a turning point in his life. He made a resolute decision devote himself to public affairs. As a political activist, he has experienced several election campaigns. At the end of 2022, he assisted Dr.Wu Hsing-Tai, representing the Taiwan Statebuilding Party to participate city councilor campaign in the Nangnag-Neihu District of Taipei City and lose by a narrow margin. Following that, he took on the role of a curriculum development coordinator in Kuma Academy. His goal in joining Kuma Academy is to contribute his expertise and strengthen Taiwan’s civil defense capabilities.

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    Jason Kao

    Dr. Jason Kao is an accomplished Adjunct Professor at Yuan Ze University and a senior advisor at TIER. He has directed and been involved in various projects related to the development of marine industries, including the Research and Promotion of Kaohsiung Yacht Industry and the Revitalization of Local Fishing Ports. Dr. Kao holds certifications as a qualified fisherman and yacht captain.

    Dr. Kao specializes in several areas, including Information Economy, Knowledge Economy, International Trade, Technology and Innovation Policy, Foresight and Future Studies, and Regional Economic Development. He has been instrumental in facilitating technology-related initiatives in Taiwan and co-founded Digital & Microwave System Technology Co., Ltd. Dr. Kao has also served on several technology-related evaluation committees for ministries in Taiwan.

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    Simonas Kairys

    Simonas Kairys was born in Telšiai on 19 April 1984. He holds a BA in Political Science from Vytautas Magnus University and an MA in Law from Mykolas Romeris University. He has worked in the Secretariat of Kaunas City Council, the Institute of Liberal Thought, and Lietuvos paštas (Lithuanian Post). In 2011, Kairys was elected to Kaunas City Municipal Council and served as the Chairman of the Audit Committee. In 2015-2019, as the Deputy Mayor of Kaunas City Municipality, he was responsible for culture, heritage, tourism, international relations, improvement of business conditions, and sports. In 2019-2020, Kairys worked as an advisor to the Mayor of Kaunas City Municipality. Since 11 December 2020, Kairys has been Minister of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania. He is also the Deputy Chairman of the Liberal Movement of the Republic of Lithuania. He is a member of the Lithuanian Riflemen’s Union. Simonas Kairys is married to his wife Deimantė and they have one daughter, Amelija. In his spare time, Kairys enjoys playing basketball, tennis, reading books, traveling, playing guitar and exploring history.

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    Ambassador Gintė Damušis

    After helping to establish Lithuania’s diplomatic mission to the United Nations in 1991, Gintė Damušis
    served in Lithuania’s diplomatic service for 30 years. She led the Mission to NATO (2001-2005) during Lithuania’s integration and admission process, becoming
    Lithuania’s first Permanent Representative on the North Atlantic Council and the first woman ambassador in NATO history.

    Prior to this appointment, she headed Lithuania’s Delegation to the Organization for Security and Cooperation
    in Europe. Ms. Damusis has served as bilateral ambassador to
    Austria/non-resident to Croatia, Slovakia, Slovenia (1998-2001), Canada (2008-2012), and Denmark/non-resident to Iceland (2016-2021).

    Her positions at Lithuania’s Ministry for Foreign Affairs have included Director of the Global Lithuania Department
    (2013-2015) and National Coordinator of Lithuania’s reconstruction and development efforts in Afghanistan (2005-2008), when Lithuania established and led a Provincial Reconstruction Team in Ghor Province.

    Before joining the diplomatic service, Ms. Damusis was an active member of the Lithuanian diaspora. She
    headed the Lithuanian Information Center in New York (1979-1991), a non-governmental organization that monitored and reported human rights violations in Soviet-occupied Lithuania, later mobilized political and material
    support for democratic reform. Ambassador Damusis has served on the Board of Directors of various non-profit organizations, including the US-Baltic Foundation
    and Lithuanian Catholic Religious Aid, also free-lanced for RFE/RL and Vatican Radio.

    Currently, she works as an independent consultant and is on the Advisory Board of the think-tank Eastern Europe Studies Center.

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    Wu Rwei-ren

    The translator of Benedict Anderson's "Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism" (Taiwan edition). Intellectual interests are in comparative historical analysis, intellectual history, and literature. Personally concerned with Taiwan, Japan,
    and the world. Love poetry and dream of freedom.

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    Wu Ming-Yi

    Wu Ming-Yi (b.1971) is a writer,artist, professor, and environmental activist. Widely considered the leading
    writer of his generation, he has won the Open Book Award six times and his works have been translated into more than twenty languages. In 2018, his novel, THE STOLEN BICYLE, is longlisted for the Man Booker International Prize, making
    him the first Taiwanese author to be listed. He now teaches literature at National Dong Hwa University.

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    Ben O. Lewis

    Ben O. Lewis is an independent defense analyst specializing in Taiwan's security concerns, People's Liberation Army reform, and modernization. He excels in open-source intelligence collection and military capability analysis. With experience as an intern at the Defense Intelligence Agency, he also serves as the Operations Director at Optimal Logistics Solutions Ltd., a firm providing security and consultancy services, completing over 10 security assessments. Holding a Bachelor's degree in International Affairs from George Washington University, he focused on security policy and Asian affairs, with a particular emphasis on China. Lewis has made significant contributions to various research projects, including managing a database tracking PLA violations of Taiwan's ADIZ, writing notable studies on trends and forecasts related to Taiwan conflict escalation, assessing the current and future status of Taiwan's defense strategies, and evaluating the impact of Taiwan's fall to China.

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    cpt. dr hab.Marcin Górnikiewicz, prof. WAT

    Colonel Dr. Marcin Górnikiewicz is an outstanding scholar and educator. He holds a Ph.D. in Security Science and specializes in the formation of military security in the People's Republic of China. He currently serves as the Vice Dean of the Faculty of Diplomacy and Development at the Military University of Technology in Warsaw, Poland, within the School of Security, Logistics, and Management. With a wealth of experience, including roles in NATO and the United Nations Veterans Association, he is a member of various research networks and associations. His research interests encompass multiple fields, including psychological warfare, domestic and international security of the People's Republic of China, subconscious influence methodologies, the role of media in psychological and propaganda warfare, artificial intelligence, international relations forecasting, and methodologies for predicting human decision-making processes.

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    Tetiana Zhukova

    Tetiana has a Master’s degree in “Human rights, democracy, and international justice” of the Valencia University. She was enrolled in traineeships at the Lviv City Council, the Embassy of Ukraine in Germany, the Spanish Association Rumiñahui, and the European Parliament and worked in the international news department of Channel 24 (Ukraine) and the international relations department of the Office of the Ukrainian Parliament Commissioner for Human Rights.

    Starting from 2022 Tetiana Zhukova holds the position of International Advocacy Officer at the Human Rights Centre ZMINA (Ukraine). In 2022, ZMINA received the OSCE Democracy Defender Award “for outstanding contribution to promoting and protecting fundamental freedoms and human rights in both non-government and government-controlled territories in Ukraine”.

    After the beginning of the large-scale Russian aggression against Ukraine ZMINA together with other 33 NGOs launched a Ukraine 5AM Coalition dealing with the documentation of war crimes and aiming at protecting victims of armed Russian aggression in Ukraine and bringing to justice top leadership of the Russian Federation and direct perpetrators of war crimes. ZMINA documents cases of torture, deportations, and enforced disappearances in Ukraine, conducts field missions to document atrocities and provides emergency aid and relocation support to human rights defenders, civil society activists, and journalists in Ukraine. In 2022, Ukraine 5AM Coalition was awarded the CEU Open Society Prize “in recognition of their courageous work to document atrocities committed during the Russian war on Ukraine.”

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    Dr. Chun (Roy) Lee

    Dr. Chun Lee currently serves as the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs . He holds a Ph.D. in Public Policy from the Australian National University (ANU), a Master's degree in Law from National Chung Cheng University, and a Bachelor's degree in Law from Fu Jen Catholic University. With extensive experience, he has held positions such as Senior Deputy Executive Director of the WTO and RTA Center at the Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research, member of the Ministry of Economic Affairs' Trade Investigation Commission, consultant for the Mainland Affairs Council of the Executive Yuan, Deputy Executive Director of the WTO and RTA Center at the Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research, and Assistant and Associate Research Fellow at the same institute.

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    Jakub Janda

    Jakub Janda serves as the director of the European Values Center for Security Policy. He specializes in European policy to Russia and China also specifically to the response of democratic states to hostile influence operations. Outside of his civilian job, he serves as an officer of Active Reserves of the Czech Armed Forces within the Czech Cyber and Information Warfare Command. In 2016 – 2017, he was tasked by Czech security and intelligence institutions to consult on the “Influence of Foreign Powers” chapter within the Audit of National Security conducted by the Czech government, where he was involved in the Czech policy shift on this issue. Since 2015, he has been asked to provide briefings or training in more than 20 countries. He has delivered expert briefings and testimonies to Members of the U.S. Congress, NATO Political Committee, or to the European Parliament Special Committee on Foreign Interference in all Democratic Processes in the European Union, including Disinformation (INGE).

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    Marcin Jerzewski

    A political scientist and sinologist, Marcin Jerzewski serves as the Head of the Taiwan Office at the European Values Center for Security Policy. Additionally, he is a Research Fellow with the Taiwan NextGen Foundation and a contributor to the China Observers in Central Eastern Europe (CHOICE) platform of the Czech Association for International Affairs. His research interests include international political economy, comparative democratization, and Taiwan-EU relations. He is a frequent commentator on these topics, and his analyses have appeared in outlets including BBC, The Economist, The Guardian, and Taipei Times, among many others. Additionally, Jerzewski delivered expert briefings to the Legislative Yuan, Members of the European Parliament, and the NATO Political Committee. He holds a Master’s degree in international studies from the National Chengchi University in Taipei, Taiwan, where he was an MOE Taiwan Scholar.

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    Dr. Sawyer Mars

    iDr. Mars is the associate professor of the Department of Urban Planning and Disaster Management A Ming Chuan University (Taiwan), he also serves as the Secretary General of Taiwan Institute of Education for Disaster Preparedness (TIEDP) who is the government-appointed organizer for the Taiwan Disaster Relief volunteer Corps in 2016.

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    Dr. Hanna Hopko

    Hanna Hopko is an expert in advocacy on Russian expansionism and hybrid warfare.

    In 2014-2019 she chaired the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Ukrainian Parliament. Was elected to Parliament from the pro-European Self-Reliance Party in 2014 and later served as an independent MP.

    In 2014 Foreign Policy magazine named Ms. Hopko a “Leading Global Thinker”.

    She has spoken on security issues at forums hosted by Canada, such as the 95th Rose-Roth Seminar of the Canadian NATO Parliamentary
    Association held in Kyiv and was the keynote speaker alongside Canada’s Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland at the 2019 Ukraine Reform Conference in Toronto sponsored by Global Affairs Canada.

    Hanna belongs to Young Global Leaders Networks of WEF (World Economic Forum) and Munich Security Conference and also is a Member of International Advisory Council of Warsaw Security Forum.

    Since Russia's large-scale war launched against Ukraine on February 24, 2022, jointly with other civil society leaders from Ukraine Daria co-founded the International Centre of Ukrainian Victory (ICUV) headquartered in Poland. ICUV mission is mobilizing the world for Ukraine’s victory in war with Russia. International Centre for Ukrainian Victory(ICUV) unites civil society leaders advocating internationally for everything Ukraine needs to win the war with Russia.

  • Registration Info


    • Location: Vilnius, Lietuva
    • Time:9.-11. September 2023
    • Location: Radisson Blu Lietuva, Konstitucijos pr. 20, Vilnius, Lithuania, 0930

    Coference fee

    The conference fee includes 2 days of the conference (9 September, and 10 September), coffee breaks, lunch and dinner on 9 September, and lunch on 10 September.

    • Member of a Taiwanese Association (please indicate the country/region of the Taiwanese Association) :
      189 EUR or 229 USD /Early bird discount: 179 EUR or 219 USD
    • Not a member of a Taiwanese Association:
      209 EUR or 249 USD/Early bird discount: 199 EUR or 239 USD
    • Student (please provide us with a copy of the student ID):
      99 EUR or 119 USD/Early bird discount: 89 EUR or 109 USD

    *Registration before 20 April

    Optional Add-ons

    • 8 September Dinner19 EUR or 24 USD
    • 11 September Special Visit (morning) 15 EUR or 20 USD**
    • 11 September Special Visit (morning) +Trakai (afternoon)55 EUR or 65 USD**
    • 11 September Special Visit one-day trip (Trakai + Vilnius) 55 EUR or 65 USD***

    **tba (a limit on the number of participants)

    ***Due to the limitation of the visitors in Trakai, there will be two groups. One group will visit Vilnius first and Trakai in the afternoon, the other group will visit Trakai first and Vilnius in the afternoon.



    • Until 30 May 2023
    • Registration cannot be canceled after 30 May
    • Please book your accommodation (please refer to the information below)


    WFTA president/Pey-Fen Fuh

    Tel: +49 (0)179 1141 547; email: pey-fen@fuh-alberty.de

    EFTA president/Mina Huang   

    Tel.: +43 (0) 664 6000 31109; email: waihuahuang@gmail.com

    WFTA annual meeting secretaryAnna Chang 

    Tel: 586-453-2343 email: Annachang5@gmail.com

    EFTA email: eftafortaiwan@gmail.com

    Children are welcome!

    We will organize childcare services during the conference. Your children will be taken care of in a nearby room next to the conference hall during the sessions (except for break times).*


    *Please bring toys, food&drinks, stationery, and other things your children might need.


    If you need childcare services, please register here:


  • Registration



    registration is closed


    Book your accommodation

    Please be aware of the hotel's cancellation deadline. Book a room here. 

    (Accommodation requires separate booking!)


    Wait for our email

    Once the registration is completed, you will receive a confirmation letter and payment information



    When payment is completed, your registration will be confirmed by email

  • Post Conference Tour

    *Please note that the departure times for all the tours are different. Detailed information on post-conference tours, early bird discounts, registration requirements, and refund policies will be provided.

    **The organizers of the annual conference will only assist in collecting registrations, and all matters related to post-conference tours will be the responsibility of the contracted travel agency.


    Baltics States for 4 Nights and 5 days


    Exquisite Tour of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland, and Sweden for 9 Nights 10 Days


    Exquisite Tour of Lithuania, Poland, Sweden, and Norway for 8 Nights and 9 Days


    Baltics States for 4 Nights and 5 days


    Exquisite Tour of Lithuania, Poland, Hungary, and Budapest for 8 Nights 9 Days


    Exquisite Tour of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland, and Sweden for 9 Nights 10 Days

  • Accommodation


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    Conference Venue Radisson Blu Lietuva, Vilnius

    Konstitucijos Av. 20, Vilnius, LT-09308, Lithuania

    + 370 5272 6272 

    • The hotel is located on the banks of the Neris River. The hotel is in the heart of Lithuania's capital, near rich historic sites such as the Old Town and Vilnius Cathedral.
    • The special room rate for the annual conference includes breakfast. There are three room types:
      • Standard room: 100 (single)/110 (double) euros, 18m2
      • Superior room 105 (single)/115 (double) euro, 18m2
      • Premium Room 110 (single)/120 (double) euro, 24m2
      • The price includes VAT and breakfast
    • The hotel has fitness and sauna facilities
    • free cancellation before 72h
    • Please use the link to book and choose the departure, arrival, and numbers of people and room (Promotional code: WFTA23)
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    Hotel Vilnius (Best Western)

    Konstitucijos ave. 14 | Vilnius, LT-09308, Lithuania

    +370 52 739595

    • Hotel near the conference venue(650m) with a special conference rate
    • Special offer dates: between 7 September and 13 September
      • Single room (67 euros)
      • Double room (73 euros)
    • Price includes breakfast, Wi-Fi, SPA entranceExcluding city tax 1 EUR per person, per night
    • Free cancellation up to 72 hours before
    • Reservation:
      Please write an e-mail directly to the hotel hotel@vilniushotel.eu
      with promotional code: WFTA23
  • About Vilnius


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    Upon arrival, you may consider “Vilnius Airport-approved taxi cabs”. They are good value, convenient and comfortable. A drive will take about 15 minutes.


    Vilnius Airport-approved taxi rank can be found just in front of the arrivals terminal. All taxi cabs accept cash and credit cards. Always ask for a printed receipt at the end of the trip!


    Before using taxi services, please make sure you are boarding a vehicle from Vilnius Airport’s official taxi rank. Official taxi cabs have information signs regarding tariffs inside the vehicles. Please refer to the info.

    游堯茹,《走進立陶宛的世界:臺灣好朋友,美麗的歐洲之心》作者。在台灣職場遇見立陶宛老公後遠嫁,成為第一個定居立陶宛的台灣媳婦,轉眼已在立陶宛度過十個春夏秋冬。經營臉書粉絲專頁「Augustas x Domantas 咕咕多多在立陶宛」,紀錄在立陶宛的育兒生活大小事、文化觀察和旅遊資訊

    Legend of a City - Vilnius

    “Nobody knows where it is but when you find it – it’s amazing.”


    This is an advert for Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, which became famous a few years ago for its "Europe's G-spot marketing" campaign.


    Having lived in Lithuania for many years, I totally agree that Lithuania is a beautiful yet little-known place. According to legend, one of Lithuania's greatest dukes, Gediminas, dreamt of a howling iron wolf on a mountaintop after a hunting trip.


    The priest told him that this was a prophecy and that he must move the capital to that location, which would become a magnificent city. As a result, Duke Gediminas moved the capital to Vilnius, and the iron wolf became a symbol of the city.


    This year marks Vilnius's 700th birthday. Vilnius's historic center, known as the capital of the European Baroque, covers about 3.59 square kilometers and was the political center of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from the 13th century until the end of the 18th century.


    It is also representative of the few medieval streets and city structures preserved in Europe. In 1994, UNESCO included it in the World Cultural Heritage list.


    Lithuania was once the most powerful country in Europe in the 14th and 15th centuries, and as the capital, Vilnius had a profound influence on the cultural and architectural development of many regions in Eastern Europe.


    The name "Vilnius" comes from the Vilnia River that flows through the city. The city's diversity and tolerance towards different ethnic groups and religions have nurtured its multicultural character, making it a favorite among tourists from many countries and even locals. Walking along the preserved brick roads in the old town, one can see many impressive Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, and Classical-style buildings. It is a European city that has developed under the influence of multiple cultures, religions, and languages. Fortunately, despite wars and invasions, these historical monuments have been well-preserved for several centuries. Its charm and beauty can only be experienced by visiting in person


    Lila /On the hill of Gediminas Castle Tower


    After encountering her Lithuanian husband in Taiwan at work, Lila moved to Lithuania and became the first Taiwanese daughter-in-law to settle there. She has now spent ten years in Lithuania and manages the Facebook fan page "Augustas x Domantas: Life in Lithuania," which documents parenting, cultural observations, and travel information in Lithuania. Just recently Lila published her book


    《Walking into the world of Lithuania: Taiwan's good friend, the beautiful heart of Europe》 


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    Vilnius 700, 700 Taiwanese

    What good stories will come out of this, when 700 Taiwanese people from around the world meet the 700-years-young Vilnius? Let's stay in tune for this September, We look forward to unwrapping the gift!

  • About Us

    The founding of Taiwanese Associations worldwide started in the 60‘s. Until 70’s, a considerable number of Taiwanese Associations has been formed. On 7th September 1974, the World Federation of Taiwanese Associations was finally founded after many attempts and countless efforts by all sides. The initial members included: 43 in the USA, 15 in Canada, 10 in Europe, Japan and Brasil.

    It was at a time that freedom of speech and thought was still under strict censorship in Taiwan. By establishing their own associations, the Taiwanese overseas intended not only to offer assistance to each other but also to make contributions to their home country Taiwan.

    In a time without computers and internet, at the beginning even without typewriters, not to mention Skype and Facebook, long-distance travelling was necessary for maintaining connections. Even under the constant risk and fear of being entered into the so-called “black list”, these overseas Taiwanese had firmly and decisively committed themselves to the democratic movements and pleaded for attention and support for Taiwan from outside of the island. Their contribution was an important driving force for the Taiwanese democratic movement.

    Since it’s Formation Taiwanese Associations have witnessed the development of Taiwanese history: coming Home Movement of overseas Taiwanese, lifting of party ban and media ban, ending of martial law, introducing general parliament election and direct presidential election as well as pushing forward the transitional justice and raising resistance against China. Taiwanese Associations have played an active and supporting role in these stages. One can say that the history of the Taiwanese Association has been closely linked to the fate of Taiwan.

    Today, there are still challenges in front of Taiwanese people. The Taiwanese Associations will uphold the spirit that has guided them since their establishment and stand in support of Taiwan.

    The European Federation of Taiwanese Associations, also referred to as EFTA in short, is an umbrella organization consisting of several Taiwanese Associations in European countries.

    During the 1970s, several Taiwanese Associations were founded in Europe under the original name of Taiwan association meaning "Association of Taiwanese Fellow Countrymen“. It was at a time that freedom of speech and thought in Taiwan was still under strict censorship when the Taiwanese in some European countries started to unite. As the first one of its kind, the Taiwanese Association in Belgium was founded on the 24th April 1970. France, Switzerland, Austria, Germany and Italy followed, forming several Taiwanese Associations across Europe. On the 3rd October 1971, the Taiwan Association in Germany and the European Federation of Taiwanese Associations, two cross-border organizations were founded in Kronberg, Germany.

    By establishing their own associations, the Taiwanese in Europe intended to not only to offer assistance to each other but also to endeavored to make contributions to their home country Taiwan.

    While the whole island of Taiwan was under political oppression, the Taiwanese Associations became the most important connection for those Taiwanese abroad that were yearning for political reforms. In a time without computers and the internet, at the beginning even without typewriters, not to mention Skype and Facebook, long distance traveling was necessary for maintaining connections. In order to publish their own bulletin, the members spent days and nights drafting and editing the articles, line by line, page by page, all in handwriting. Even under the constant risk and fear of being entered into the so-called black list, these overseas Taiwanese had firmly and decisively committed themselves to the democratic movements and pleaded for attention and support for Taiwan from outside of the island. Their contribution was an important driving force for the Taiwanse democratic movement.

    In 1996, the first direct presidential election was finally held in Taiwan. Almost concurrently, the Taiwanese in Europe have renamed their organizations from Association of Taiwanese Fellow Countrymen to Taiwanese Association.

    From 1996 to 2018 Taiwan has experienced political reform and three changes of government. The society of Taiwan has gone through a great upheaval and the international constellation has been re-arranged. The era is once more posing a new challenge to Taiwan and its people:

    How should we examine the past while facing the future? What lessons have the past given to us? How can we identify the new paths and new opportunities? What kind of society and what kind of country would we like to build?

    Alongside all Taiwanese, the Federation of Taiwanese Associations accepted this challenge. We strongly believe that by responding to the manifold challenges ahead of us, our democracy will become more and more mature. By working side by side, the Taiwanese people, despite all their differences in background or in languages, will learn to live in harmony and in mutual respect. As it always has been, the Federation of Taiwanese Associations will hold onto its faith and stand alongside our beloved homeland, Taiwan.

    Kuma Academy was founded on the belief of “Si vis pacem, para bellum”. Our goal is for Taiwan Civilians to understand "who they are, where they are, and what actions to take" while also being able to contribute during the war. Wars can only be initiated by invaders, yet it affects all people; civilians require sufficient preparation to survive and embrace victory. We develop our curriculum around Modern Warfare Science, Information Warfare, Basic Relieve, and Evacuation Planning. Students begin with general training, then move towards a field of advanced training that they wish to apply themselves. Quickly expanding efficient logistics systems during war can reduce the loss of lives and property while maintaining daily life, all of which help to stabilize morale greatly. Kuma Academy hopes to prepare a pre-war mentality for civilians, our mission is to cultivate self-defense capability and will to defend Taiwan.



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